I know there are alternatives out there, I saw a talk about bzr at LUGRadioLive last year and I have some canonical-associated friends who use it so I know the community is good and I can get some help if I need it. I confided in a fellow developer that I'd struggled with git, but that I'd also read that bzr would be more subversion-like which seemed ideal for me since that's my background. His response? "No, bzr isn't easier for people coming from SVN, bzr is just easier". So I figured I'd give it a go.
I'm an ubuntu user so I installed the bzr, bzrtools and bzr-svn packages, and read the user guide - the user guide is absolutely excellent and I wish every tool in the world had instructions like these! Anyway here's a quick outline of how I got started and used bzr against my existing SVN repository (it seems too much like hard work to start migrating repos before I've decided if I like the tool).
Who Am I?
Tell bzr your name and email so it can credit your commits to you:
bzr whoami "Lorna Mitchell
Good start :)
Checkout from SVN
There are several ways to set yourself up to work with bzr-svn, I chose the simplest, and checked out from SVN using bzr, then branched locally and worked on that. First we initialise a directory as a bzr repository:
bzr init-repo --default-rich-root snapshot
Then I actually did the checkout.
bzr checkout http://svn.rivendell.local/snapshot/trunk trunk
So at this point I have a current working copy of code.
So that I could work locally and commit at intermediate stages between commits to the SVN repo, I then made a local bzr branch of this checkout. This is the bit that's a bit different to subversion, the branch is just local to you, more like a working copy. It was quite easy:
bzr branch trunk working
So I'll now make my changes in the working branch I just created, this becomes my web root if its a web app for example.
Using the "bzr commit" command from the branch we created ("working" directory in the examples) only commits locally to the branch. You can do this as many times as you need/want to until your feature is ready (or maybe until you can get back to a connection).
I realised at this point that I needed to update from the repo to pick up some changes someone else had made, to do this I needed to update my checkout and then pull the changes into my branch:
cd ../trunk bzr update cd ../working bzr pull
To give a clearer idea of how this all goes togehter, I drew a diagram of the repo, the checkout, the branch, and how the process works to get between them all (click to see it at a sensible size):
The "bzr status" command shows what changes are local to the current directory.
Conveying Changes Back To Repo
I made a couple of changes in my working directory and then wanted to put these back to the repo. So from the checkout ("trunk" directory in my example), I merged the changes in and then committed.
bzr merge ../working/ bzr commit
My changes were then in the SVN repo exactly as normal, bzr-svn means extra functionality for me but nobody else necessarily needs to change tools and all the hooks and backup routines and everything that are already in place for this repo can be kept. I'm happy with that outcome!
This is a very basic usage of bzr, really I'm only recording my own experience to make these concepts clearer in my own mind. I plan to do a lot more with this tool and will keep blogging as I go along. Comments, corrections, suggestions and questions are all very welcome - add a comment :)